TMJ Treatment and Other Therapy Options
You may have to go through numerous tests to confirm a diagnosis of TMJ. Diagnostic procedures may include imaging studies such as x-ray, MRI, and CT scans.
Because TMJ is a complex problem, your professional caregiver may decide to give you a range of treatments, such as but not limited to:
Bite splints are used by dental professionals to help realign the jaw for those who have bite problems and/or grind their teeth.
Trigger point injections are used to decrease spasms by injecting steroids and a numbing agent directly into the affected muscle(s).
TENS Units reduce muscle spasm by electric nerve stimulation. The unit is attached to the muscles outside of the mouth.
Physical therapy addresses factors that contribute to the pain cycle. Stretching and exercises are utilized as well as modalities such as heat or cold therapy, ultrasound and massage.
Medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-anxiety medication, muscle relaxers, and in some cases, anti-depressants.
TMJ patients have been known to explore other options, such as:
Nutrition and exercise
Stress management techniques
Unfortunately, most insurance companies do not recognize TMJ as a true diagnosis and therefore will not pay for medical or dental treatment.